(Crocus sativus L.) is a beautiful perennial plant, height up to 0,2
m. Saffron became popular and valuable due to its stigmas of the flowers,
importance of which is well known from time immemorial. Bright-orange-red,
infundibular expanded stigmas that are only three in a flower, were
used as spices. Saffron is one of the basic components of 300 drugs
that in use of eastern folk medicine as infusion and alcoholic tinctures
for treatment of various diseases.
Dry stigmas of saffron are in use in more than 50 kinds of confectionery
products, in meat and fish dishes, for tincturing of pilaw and bouillon,
ect. in Azerbaijan cuisine.
Six species of wild saffron grow in Azerbaijan and one (Crocus sativus
L.) of those is cultivated only in Absheron, in Bilge saffron state
farm. However its production volumes did not satisfy the requirements
of the industry and the population of Republic. The initiative of
Republican inter-branch scientific and technical complex (RISTC) “Bioflora”
and the State plan of Azerbaijan Republic Developed the agrotechnics
of cultivation of this valuable culture in other regions of Republic.
Growing of saffron
The soil destined for growing of saffron
should have sandy structure (20 t for 1 ha). The best terms for sowing
are July and August.
The corms of saffron are disinfected by 2% solution of potassium manganese
acid for 40-50 minutes before planning and planted on depth of 5-12
cm at a distance of 15 cm from each other and 50-60 cm between rows.
Soil should be watered just after planting. Twice-thrice watering
and additional fertilizing by manure (July, August) are necessary
during all vegetation. Weeding is carried out as appearance of weeds
and tallage of soil in row spacing.
Flowering of saffron starts in October and in November: 2-3 and more
flowers of bright-violet color with the dark branchy ribs appear from
every corm. Gathering of just bloomed flowers is carried out manually
in with the early morning, cautiously separating stigmas. Stigmas
are dried in shadow at the temperature of 18-220C and then stored
in the corked glass container. Saffron does not lose its valuable
qualities during 10-15 years on observance of there rules. The petals
of dried up in a shadow flowers can be used for tea making.
The constant of propagation of corms is 3-12 pieces in depending on
region. Planted corms of saffron are do dig out (at the and of May),
clear and size in every 3-4 years, with the subsequent storage in
a dry and well-aired location. It is observed becoming wild of species
at long vegetation of corms in soil and reductive of yield.
So, every saffron-fancy on observance of the abovementioned recommendations
can bring up this valuable culture on the personal plot and on a balcony.
Fine flowers of saffron will give golden colour and fine aroma to
your prepared dishes!
Well dried up pistillate filaments of saffron mixed with the honey;
fresh blossoming pistils put under tongue; an apple with the cut off
top and removed core where placed filaments of saffron have favourable
medical effect on a brain cells. It protects vessels from narrowing,
gives effective treatment of eye illnesses (a glaucoma, a cataract),
and also helps at a heart attack of a myocardium and diseases of a
gastrointestinal tract. Also makes an organism strong and creates
Stamen filaments help on barrenness. It is possible to use the dried
up petals of saffron as expectoration means.
Some Recipes Of Using Saffron
1. For making tea of saffron take
7-15 pieces of well dried up pistillate filaments of saffron and add
half-litre of boiled water. Glass flask, porcelain and enameled teapot
could be used for tea making.
Preliminary a teapot is rinsed with boiled water, then 7-15 pieces
of well dried up pistillate filaments of saffron and filled up with
one glass of boiled hot water, properly are stirred by teaspoon and
put on weak fire.
In 3-5 minutes 2 glasses of water are added, not leading up to boiling.
Saffron tea is completely ready, when pistillate filaments move to
a button of teapot. It is taken in the morning, in the afternoon and
in the evening on one-glass 30 minutes prior a meal.
Remember: filaments can be reused.
2. Put 5 pieces of dried up pistillate filaments of saffron into 100
gram clean glass and fill up with 2 tablespoons of boiled water. Heat
on a hot electric stove or on gas stove for 10-15 minutes. Take the
sterile cotton wool, moisten it with 2-3 drops of extract and wipe
an eye with it 3 times in the first day, 5 times on the second day,
7 times for third day, 10 times for the fourth day. The improvement
of sight is observed for short time period.
3. Grind 5 pieces of well dried up (at temperature 18-220C) filaments
up to powdery state. Mix it with the equal quantities of pink water
(gyulab). Wipe eyes with prepared gruel. It gives good medical effect
at any eye diseases.
4. Take 1 apple (Gizil Ahmedi), cut the top part of pulp. Put 10 dried
up filaments of saffron inside apple cleaned of the pulp. Then cover
it with the cut off top and leave for 24 hours. Remove a top and smell
apple content in every 3 hours. This procedure gives good effect at
a headache, a sleeplessness, cold and palpitation.
5. Put 100 gram of pure honey in the enameled ware and dissolve it
on a small fire. Add 50 pieces of well ground filaments of saffron
in ware and properly mix. Take it on one spoon on an empty stomach
in the morning and evening. This mixture is efficacious at the renal
6. Properly mix 200 gram of the sifted wheat flour, 100 gram of olive
oil and 1 gram of ground dried up filaments of saffron. The obtained
mass can be used from a headache at sleeplessness.
7. Properly mix 200 gram of mulberry vodka, 200 gram of garlic juice
and 1 gram of ground filaments of saffron and pour it in a bottle,
store in a dark place. Shake up daily 10 times during 21 days. Then
filter and pour in glassware and store in a refrigerator. Take it
on 3 times a day on 50 gram together with cold milk under the below-mentioned
||In the morning
||In the afternoon
||In the evening
|1- st day
|2- nd day
|3- rd day
|4- th day.
|5- th day
|6- th day
|7- th day
|8- th day
|9- th day
|10- th day
|11- th day
It is possible to take it in every 3 month at over fatigue, but at
a normal condition – in 1-3-5 years. This life elixir helps at cancer
and other diseases.
According to the ancient Tibetan prescription the mix of vodka with
garlic is considered as means of rejuvenescence.
We have substituted vodka for mulberry and have enriched the prescription
with saffron. The carried out tests of this new modified Tibetan means
gave very high positive results.