Prospects of development of agriculture in the Republic of Azerbaijan

Our country, with confidence in the path of independent development, creates economic and production forms by consistently implementing all the tasks it has put forward and the new reforms, leading to a free economy. It is in such a freewheel economy that every citizen owes its utmost to make maximum use of such opportunities created by our state and government and to contribute to the economic growth. In this sense, we must apply science and technology to the fields of modern science with the exceptional role of scientists. Our goal in this article is to share our views on ways to develop agriculture today, for example, as an expert on direct productions in the various fields of the country for many years, from the 1980s.

The population of Azerbaijan has historically paid off its demand for agricultural products at all times. Therefore, in our economy the agricultural sector will always remain a leading area.

There are so much land-climatic conditions in the country, up to 80% of agricultural land (other than mountainous and foothill areas), where it is possible to obtain twice as much crop in the same area throughout the year. That is, the same area is sown in November of the current year grain and wheat (wheat, barley, rye, raspberries), and these plants are harvested and harvested immediately before June and July of the next year, and immediately digested and re-grown with corn, corn and short vegetable vegetation (rapidly cabbage, red beet, cucumber, beans, etc.). It is possible to collect their products, even as the autumn cereals are scattered. However, most up-to-date techniques and intensive technologies should be used to complete these measures in a normal way, and all agro-technical measures should be timely and quality.

In the most difficult years of history (1941-1945), the rural population successfully utilized such farming methods. The living witnesses of that era state that the state gave the grain (wheat and barley) planted to the kolkhozes very difficult, that is, until the last day. After that, the economic leaders, who were careful about the community, immediately dumped the dumped areas by siping them. The harvest from the mill areas was already distributed to collective farmers. Thus, the climate of the climate was favorable and the state's plan was being implemented, and the community was not hungry.

If all the work in agriculture is based on advanced science, then the concept of "impossible" can be eliminated once and for all. A simple example: 47,600 slots per hectare of 70sm x 30cm planted in the nesting system. 1-1.5 kg of potatoes taken from one slice are the ones who have seen most potato growers. That is, it is possible to get this product from all sockets, if 1-1,5 kg potatoes are taken out of the slot many times. In this case, it is possible to take potatoes in average more than 50 tons per hectare. However, today the highest productivity in the republic is 20-30 tons of hectare.

This example can hardly be applied to all agricultural crops, so it is possible to create a productive abundance in the country by gaining knowledge, science professionals, high technology and technology. What are the reasons for such decline in the agricultural sector today?

It must be admitted that today scientists and skilled agricultural specialists are not at the level of 30-40 years old specialists. This, in the sense of both competitiveness and self-evidentness, makes it virtually impossible. After land reform in the Republic, agriculture specialists have almost no need. So, the land was distributed to peasants, in other words, to those who knew little of the language of the land. That is, the owners of the land were also non-professionals. But they did not cultivate the land. State control over the land has been weakened, and the responsibility for the cultivation of land has been reduced, since people have been somewhat liberated.

Giving soil, transforming its potentially energy and transforming it into a product (product) that people can use, requires special expertise that is only a matter of groundwork and expertise in this field.

The distribution of lands to the right and to the left weakens the state control over the production that led to the fact that the land was not cultivated, and many areas were left out of production for many years. As it turned out, the habit of working with the population began to decline, as if men were very lazy. The habit gained in the soil for many years and advanced sweatshops almost disappeared. At the same time, some privately privatized the poorest part of the population and the municipal fund, and later privatized those lands, or leased out for a short period of time (1-5 years). The landlord sowed it, using it for years without adding any foodstuffs, until it was deserted by exploitation of the land, and thus unplanned production worsened the physical properties of the land. Specialist training in this area was not seriously considered.

These factors are already showing their painful consequences. In our view, there has been a downturn in agriculture. Therefore, in modern Azerbaijan, the manufacturer should focus on attracting an expert in agriculture, who knows how much foreign language and computer technologies he is interested in. So, the interest of young people in agriculture should be increased and they should be more focused on this field.

Along with critical approaches to errors we have already mentioned, we should also mention some problems in the field of crop production today.

Irrigation water shortage

Lack of storage and refrigerating warehouses and processing facilities

Lack of supply points

Lack of laboratories that analyze quality indicators of medicines and fertilizers Unsatisfactory product sales market and so on.

In addition, we see a number of obstacles and barriers to production and sales.

Lack of healthy competition

Fight against the manufacturer in a thought-provoking manner, preventing its production and sale

Insufficiency of land plots and inadequate technique

Poisonous - low quality of chemicals and fertilizers, etc.

We provide the following suggestions to ensure sustainable agriculture development.

Determination and construction of water reservoirs and artesian wells through monitoring

Expansion of seedlings of intensive fruit gardens

Establishment of cooperatives by expanding smaller land areas (based on consensus)

Providing the direct connection of the manufacturer to the state

Extension of seeding and seeding equipment Provision of interest-free loans to the producer for 5 years

Acquiring modern productive varieties and restoring varieties of local population selection

Restoration of scientifically rotating sown planting

Involvement of agricultural specialists into direct production

Restoration of integration of science with production

Creation of new agrarian-industrial complexes

Long-term lease of land only

Application of aggregate crops taking into consideration soil and climate factors

Acceleration of meliorative measures

Direct government control over production

Establishment of zone coordination teams on the basis of the state order

 

PhD in biology A.D. Mehraliyev